The Holocaust Memory

Yom HaShoah, the State of Israel’s Holocaust Remembrance Day, is a somber day to pay tribute to the six million Jews who perished in the Holocaust and to remember the Jewish physical and spiritual resistence in that dark time. Part of KKL-JNF’s “National Month” from Passover through Yom Yerusahlayim, KKL-JNF marks Holocaust Rememberance Day with ceremonies at its many forests and memorial sites established in commemoration of those who lost their lives at the hands of the Nazis.

This year we mark the Holocaust Remembrance Day differently, but the essence of the day will not change – to always remember and never forget.  

The Overseas Education Depatment's Activities

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The March of the Living & A Green Journey in Israel

The March of the Living & A Green Journey in Israel

Following a difficult trip to Poland culminating in the March of the Living at Auschwitz, each year thousands of young people from around the world come to Israel to celebrate

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Always Remember and Never Forget

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Rare Color Footage of Pre-Holocaust Jewish Life

Rare Color Footage of Pre-Holocaust Jewish Life

This an assemblage of color footage from Jewish life in the shtetl. The Yiddish term “shtetl” refers to the Jewish towns in Eastern Europe before World War II, which generally

Jewish Life Before the Holocaust

Jewish Life Before the Holocaust

This informative documentary [04:37] published by Yad Vashem shows original footage of Jewish life before the Holocaust. It also includes texts from pre-war diary entries, notebooks, and letters of children’s

German Jewish Life During the Rise of Nazism

German Jewish Life During the Rise of Nazism

 As the Nazis rose to power and began excluding Jews from social and economic organizations, Jews found the need to establish their own. Roman Vishniac, an esteemed Jewish photography, was commissioned

The Story of the Bielski Partisan Group

The Story of the Bielski Partisan Group

This brief documentary film [06:45] is published by the Jewish Partisan Educational Foundation, an organization committed to educating youth about the Jewish partisans and the essential lessons to be learned

The Jewish Partisans of Eastern Europe: How They Survived in the Forest

The Jewish Partisans of Eastern Europe: How They Survived in the Forest

The Jewish partisans in Eastern Europe faced constant struggle, fighting their enemies while also perpetually seeking food and shelter. In the following four brief documentaries, published by the Jewish Partisan Educational

The Jewish Partisans in the Rudniki Forest

The Jewish Partisans in the Rudniki Forest

This article from Yad Vashem documents the story of “Yechiel’s Struggle Group,”  a team of 70 Jewish partisan fighters from the Vilna Ghetto who came to live in and fight from

A Moving Story of a Holocaust Survivor’s Liberation from the Nazis

A Moving Story of a Holocaust Survivor’s Liberation from the Nazis

In this moving interview [02:21], Holocaust survivor Gerda Klein recalls her feelings upon being liberated from the Nazis. After six tortuous years, during which she prayed constantly for freedom, American

Photography as a Form of Resistance Against the Nazis

Photography as a Form of Resistance Against the Nazis

Mendel Grossman, a Jewish photographer employed by the Department of Statistics in the Lodz Ghetto, was hired to photograph the factories in the ghetto and to take identification pictures. However, he risked his life

An Introduction to the Jewish Partisans of Eastern Europe

An Introduction to the Jewish Partisans of Eastern Europe

This informative documentary [06:36], published by the Jewish Partisan Educational Foundation, briefly tells the story of the Jewish partisans during World War II. The Jewish partisans were comprised of 30,0000

Jewish Life in Liepaja, Latvia Before the Holocaust

Jewish Life in Liepaja, Latvia Before the Holocaust

In this interview [03:31] with Holocaust survivor Frieda Ende of Liepaja, Latvia, Ende provides anecdotes from her life before the Holocaust. She shares her memories of Passover Seders her family hosted,

Itzhak Katzenelson: Accomplished Author, Dramatist, and Educator

Itzhak Katzenelson: Accomplished Author, Dramatist, and Educator

Before the German occupation of Poland, Itzhak Katzenelson (1885-1944) contributed greatly to the vibrant Jewish culture in Lodz, Poland, through establishing a Jewish school, a Hebrew theater company, writing poetry,

Testimonies from Survivors of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

Testimonies from Survivors of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

This film [08:28], produced by Yad Vashem, includes a compilation of testimonies from survivors of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. Most of the fighters in the Uprising were teens and young

Mordechai Anielewicz and The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

Mordechai Anielewicz and The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

This documentary [04:45] portrays the events of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, led by the 23-year-old Mordechai Anielewicz. Included in this film is an excerpt from Anielewicz’s last letter to Yitzchak

The Mailman of the Warsaw Ghetto

The Mailman of the Warsaw Ghetto

This animated video [06:52], produced by Yad Vashem, portrays life in the Warsaw Ghetto from the unique perspective of the Jewish letter carrier, Peretz Opoczynski. Opoczynski contributed to the Oneg

The Sonderkommando Revolt in Auschwitz

The Sonderkommando Revolt in Auschwitz

In this interview [03:50], Dario Gabbai recalls his participation in the Sonderkommando revolt in Auschwitz-II Birkenau, on October 7, 1944. The Nazis forced the Jewish Sonderkommandos to undertake the hellish tasks of

Cultural Entertainment in the Warsaw Ghetto

Cultural Entertainment in the Warsaw Ghetto

Despite the horrendous living conditions in the Warsaw Ghetto, there were professional theaters featuring music and drama performances in both Polish and Yiddish. Some cafes and clubs even offered live performances

The Story Behind the Song Ani Ma’amin

The Story Behind the Song Ani Ma’amin

This film [03:52], produced by Chabad of Venice, tells the moving story of cantor Azriel David Fastig’s composition of a new melody for “Ani Ma’amin,” while being transported to Treblinka in

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Music

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Holocaust Requiem

Holocaust Requiem

The above video [06:00]  includes the music and narrative from Zlata Razdolina’s Holocaust Requiem– an orchestral adaptation of Itzhak Katzenelson’s well-known poem, “Song of the Murdered Jewish People.” This depiction

Yiddish Tango During World War II

Yiddish Tango During World War II

As tango gained popularity during the 1930s, Jewish musicians in Eastern Europe began fusing traditional Jewish music with modern tango, giving rise to Yiddish Tango. This music was popular before

The Jewish Partisans’ Song: A Tribute to the Heroic Jews of the Holocaust

The Jewish Partisans’ Song: A Tribute to the Heroic Jews of the Holocaust

The Jewish Partisans’ Song, “Zog Nit Keynmol” (Never Say),  was written in 1943 by Hirsch Glick in the Vilna Ghetto. Inspired by the courageous Jews of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising,

Yiddish Theater in the Vilna Ghetto

Yiddish Theater in the Vilna Ghetto

“Yisrolik,” created by writer Leyb Rozental and composer Misha Veksler, reflects the resilient spirit of the Jews of Vilna. Though most of the Vilna Jews were murdered in the horrific

A Song from Theresienstadt

A Song from Theresienstadt

Gideon Klein, the composer of this choral piece, “Spruch” (Verdict), wrote it while in Theresienstadt, a transit camp for Czech Jews before they were carted off to the extermination camps.

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More Stories

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Children in the Holocaust

Children in the Holocaust

This comprehensive article from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum includes pictures and testimonies from those who survived the Holocaust as children.Tragically, 1.5 million children (1 million of whom were

A Moving Violin Performance in Auschwitz

A Moving Violin Performance in Auschwitz

This video from Aish recounts the dramatic story of Prisoner Srebrenik’s captivating violin performance in Auschwitz. For some inexplicable reason, this time the Nazi soldiers allowed the Jewish musician to

Janusz Korczak, a Champion of Children’s Rights

Janusz Korczak, a Champion of Children’s Rights

Janusz Korczak dedicated his life to helping children, he directed the Dom Sierot Orphanage, was a pediatrician, teacher, and authored books for and about children. Among his writings are his

The Moving Story of Janusz Korczak and the Dom Sierot Orphanage

The Moving Story of Janusz Korczak and the Dom Sierot Orphanage

This video [04:25], published by Yad Vashem, tells the moving story of Janusz Korczak (1878-1942), a Jewish pediatrician, author, and teacher, who headed the Dom Sierot orphanage for Jewish children

Janusz Korczak: Excerpts and Beliefs

Janusz Korczak: Excerpts and Beliefs

This is a collection of quotes from Janusz Korczak’s writings, which illustrate his beliefs about children and their place in the world. Korczak’s unique and pioneering contributions not only helped

Itzhak Katzenelson’s “Song of the Murdered Jewish People”

Itzhak Katzenelson’s “Song of the Murdered Jewish People”

Itzhak Kazenelson (1886-1944) was a teacher, dramatist, and author of Hebrew and Yiddish Poetry. A pioneering maskil, he opened a secular Jewish school and a Hebrew theater group in Lodz.

The Auschwitz Album

The Auschwitz Album

The Auschwitz Album is the only existing visual evidence of the complete process of genocide of the Jews at Auschwitz. The photos depict the Jews’ arrival to the death camp,

Roman Vishniak’s Photographs of Jewish Life in Eastern Europe Before the Holocaust

Roman Vishniak’s Photographs of Jewish Life in Eastern Europe Before the Holocaust

These photographs, taken by the renowned Jewish photographer Roman Vishniac (1897-1990) and curated by Maya Benton, reveal glimpses of pre-war Jewish life in Eastern Europe. Vishniac was commissioned by the

Henryk Ross: A Jewish Photographer in the Lodz Ghetto

Henryk Ross: A Jewish Photographer in the Lodz Ghetto

This video [04:01] illustrates the pivotal historical role of Henryk Ross, a Jew hired to be the official photographer of the Lodz ghetto. His job was to take identification photos

The Spiritual Heroism of the Jews in the Holocaust

The Spiritual Heroism of the Jews in the Holocaust

Itzhak Katznelson (1886-1944) was an accomplished dramatist, poet, and teacher. While living in the Warsaw Ghetto, he wrote over 40 works, including “The Song of the Radzyn Rebbe,” (1942-1943), which emphasizes the

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